This page contains four sections listing textbooks, articles, abstracts, and letters.

** Textbooks and Monographs **

Shellock FG. REFERENCE MANUAL FOR MAGNETIC RESONANCE SAFETY, IMPLANTS, AND DEVICES: 2019 EDITION. Biomedical Research Publishing Company, Los Angeles, CA, 2019.

Shellock FG. REFERENCE MANUAL FOR MAGNETIC RESONANCE SAFETY, IMPLANTS, AND DEVICES: 2018 EDITION. Biomedical Research Publishing Company, Los Angeles, CA, 2018.

Shellock FG. REFERENCE MANUAL FOR MAGNETIC RESONANCE SAFETY, IMPLANTS, AND DEVICES: 2017 EDITION. Biomedical Research Publishing Company, Los Angeles, CA, 2017.

Shellock FG. REFERENCE MANUAL FOR MAGNETIC RESONANCE SAFETY, IMPLANTS, AND DEVICES: 2016 EDITION. Biomedical Research Publishing Company, Los Angeles, CA, 2016.

Shellock FG. REFERENCE MANUAL FOR MAGNETIC RESONANCE SAFETY, IMPLANTS, AND DEVICES: 2015 EDITION. Biomedical Research Publishing Company, Los Angeles, CA, 2015.

Shellock FG. REFERENCE MANUAL FOR MAGNETIC RESONANCE SAFETY, IMPLANTS, AND DEVICES: 2014 EDITION. Biomedical Research Publishing Company, Los Angeles, CA, 2014.

Shellock FG, Crues, JV. MRI BIOEFFECTS, SAFETY, AND PATIENT MANAGEMENT, Biomedical Research Publishing Company, Los Angeles, CA, 2014.

Shellock FG. REFERENCE MANUAL FOR MAGNETIC RESONANCE SAFETY, IMPLANTS, AND DEVICES: 2013 EDITION. Biomedical Research Publishing Company, Los Angeles, CA, 2013.

Shellock FG. REFERENCE MANUAL FOR MAGNETIC RESONANCE SAFETY, IMPLANTS, AND DEVICES: 2012 EDITION. Biomedical Research Publishing Company, Los Angeles, CA, 2012.

Shellock FG. REFERENCE MANUAL FOR MAGNETIC RESONANCE SAFETY, IMPLANTS, AND DEVICES: 2011 EDITION. Biomedical Research Publishing Company, Los Angeles, CA, 2011.

Shellock FG. REFERENCE MANUAL FOR MAGNETIC RESONANCE SAFETY, IMPLANTS, AND DEVICES: 2010 EDITION. Biomedical Research Publishing Company, Los Angeles, CA, 2010.

Shellock FG. REFERENCE MANUAL FOR MAGNETIC RESONANCE SAFETY, IMPLANTS, AND DEVICES: 2009 EDITION. Biomedical Research Publishing Company, Los Angeles, CA, 2009.

Shellock FG. REFERENCE MANUAL FOR MAGNETIC RESONANCE SAFETY, IMPLANTS, AND DEVICES: 2008 EDITION. Biomedical Research Publishing Company, Los Angeles, CA, 2008.

Shellock FG. REFERENCE MANUAL FOR MAGNETIC RESONANCE SAFETY, IMPLANTS, AND DEVICES: 2007 EDITION. Biomedical Research Publishing Company, Los Angeles, CA, 2007.

Shellock FG. REFERENCE MANUAL FOR MAGNETIC RESONANCE SAFETY, IMPLANTS, AND DEVICES: 2006 EDITION. Biomedical Research Publishing Company, Los Angeles, CA, 2006.

Shellock FG. REFERENCE MANUAL FOR MAGNETIC RESONANCE SAFETY, IMPLANTS, AND DEVICES: 2005 EDITION. Biomedical Research Publishing Company, Los Angeles, CA, 2005.

Shellock FG. REFERENCE MANUAL FOR MAGNETIC RESONANCE SAFETY, IMPLANTS, AND DEVICES: 2004 EDITION. Biomedical Research Publishing Company, Los Angeles, CA, 2004.

Shellock FG. REFERENCE MANUAL FOR MAGNETIC RESONANCE SAFETY: 2003 EDITION. Amirsys, Inc., Salt Lake City, Utah, 2003.

Shellock FG. REFERENCE MANUAL FOR MAGNETIC RESONANCE SAFETY: 2002 EDITION. Amirsys, Inc., Salt Lake City, Utah, 2002.

Shellock FG. MAGNETIC RESONANCE PROCEDURES: HEALTH EFFECTS AND SAFETY. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 2001.

Shellock FG. GUIDE TO MR PROCEDURES AND METALLIC OBJECTS: UPDATE 2001. Seventh Edition, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Healthcare, Philadelphia, 2001.

Shellock FG. GUIDE TO MR PROCEDURES AND METALLIC OBJECTS: UPDATE 2000. Sixth Edition, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Healthcare, Philadelphia, 2000.

Shellock FG. GUIDE TO MR PROCEDURES AND METALLIC OBJECTS: UPDATE 1999. Fifth Edition, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Healthcare, Philadelphia, 1999.

Shellock FG. GUIDE TO MR PROCEDURES AND METALLIC OBJECTS: UPDATE 1998. Fourth Edition, Lippincott-Raven Press, New York, 1998.

Shellock FG. GUIDE TO MR PROCEDURES AND METALLIC OBJECTS: UPDATE 1997. Third Edition, Lippincott-Raven Press, New York. 1997.

Shellock FG. GUIDE TO MR PROCEDURES AND METALLIC OBJECTS: UPDATE 1996. Second Edition, Lippincott-Raven Press, New York, 1996.

Shellock FG, Kanal E. MAGNETIC RESONANCE: BIOEFFECTS, SAFETY AND PATIENT MANAGEMENT. Second Edition, Lippincott-Raven Press, New York, 1996.

Shellock FG, Kanal E. MAGNETIC RESONANCE: BIOEFFECTS, SAFETY AND PATIENT MANAGEMENT. Raven Press, New York, 1994.

Shellock FG. GUIDE TO MR PROCEDURES AND METALLIC OBJECTS: UPDATE 1994. First Edition, Raven Press, New York, 1994.  

 




 

** ARTICLES **

Many MRI safety articles authored by Dr. Shellock may be found posted as PDF files on www.IMRSER.org

Shellock FG, Crues JV. High-field MR imaging of metallic biomedical implants: An ex vivo evaluation of deflection forces. American Journal of Roentgenology. 151: 389-392, 1988.

Shellock FG. MR imaging of metallic implants and materials: A compilation of the literature. American Journal of Roentgenology. 151: 811-814, 1988.

Shellock FG, Slimp G. Halo vest for cervical spine fixation during MR imaging: American Journal of Roentgenology, 154:631-632, 1990.

Shellock FG, Schatz C. High field strength MRI and otologic implants: American Journal of Neuroradiology, 12:279-281, 1991.

Shellock FG, Curtis JS. MR imaging and biomedical implants, materials, and devices: An updated review. Radiology, 180:541-550, 1991.

Yuh WTC, Hanigan MT, Nerad JA, Carter KD, Kardon RH, Ehrhardt JC, Shellock FG. Extrusion of a magnetic eye implant after MR examination: a potential hazard to the enucleated eye: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 1:711-713, 1991.

Shellock FG, Mink JH, Curtin S, Friedman MJ. MRI and orthopedic implants used for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: Assessment of ferromagnetism and artifacts. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 2: 225-228, 1992.

Kanal E, Shellock FG. MR imaging of patients with intracranial aneurysm clips: Radiology, 187: 612-614, 1993.

Shellock FG, Morisoli S, Kanal E. MR procedures and biomedical implants, materials, and devices: Update 1993. Radiology, 189:587-599, 1993.

Shellock FG, Morisoli SM. Ex vivo evaluation of ferromagnetism and artifacts for cardiac occluders exposed to a 1.5 Tesla MR system: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 4:213-215, 1994.

Shellock FG, Morisoli SM. Ex vivo evaluation of ferromagnetism, heating, and artifacts for heart valve prostheses exposed to a 1.5 Tesla MR system: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 4:756-758, 1994.

Nogueira M, Shellock FG. Otologic bioimplants: Ex vivo assessment of ferromagnetism and artifacts at 1.5 Tesla: American Journal of Roentgenology. 163: 1472-1473, 1995.

Moscatel M, Shellock FG, Morisoli S. Biopsy needles and devices: assessment of ferromagnetism and artifacts during exposure to a 1.5 Tesla MR system: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 5:369-372, 1995.

Shellock FG, Nogueira M, Morisoli M. MRI and vascular access ports: ex vivo evaluation of ferromagnetism, heating, and artifacts at 1.5 T: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 4:481-484, 1995.

Fagan LL, Shellock FG, Brenner RJ, Rothman B. Ex vivo evaluation of ferromagnetism, heating, and artifacts of breast tissue expanders exposed to a 1.5 T MR system: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 5:614-616, 1995.

Kanal E, Shellock FG. MR imaging in the testing of 1,765 aneurysm clips for ferromagnetic property: clip variability issues. Radiology. 200: 576-578, 1996.

Shellock FG, Shellock VJ. Vascular access ports and catheters tested for ferromagnetism, heating, and artifacts associated with MR imaging: Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 14:443-447, 1996.

Shellock FG, Shellock VJ. Ceramic surgical instruments: Evaluation of MR-compatibility at 1.5 Tesla: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 6:954-956, 1996.

Shellock FG. MR imaging and cervical fixation devices: Evaluation of ferromagnetism, heating, and artifacts at 1.5 Tesla: Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 14:1093-1098, 1996.

Shellock FG, Detrick MS, Brant-Zawadski M. MR-compatibility of Guglielmi detachable coils: Radiology. 203: 568-570, 1997.

Bendel L, Shellock FG, Steckel M. The effect of mechanical deformation on magnetic properties and MR imaging artifacts of type 304 and type 316 stainless steel. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 7:1170-1173, 1997.

Shellock FG, Shellock VJ. MR-compatibility evaluation of the Spetzler titanium aneurysm clip. Radiology. 206:838-841, 1998.

Shellock FG, Shellock VJ. Evaluation of cranial flap fixation clamps for compatibility with MR imaging. Radiology. 207:822-825, 1998.

Shellock FG, Kanal E. Yasargil aneurysm clips: evaluation of interactions with a 1.5 Tesla MR system. Radiology. 207:587-591, 1998.

Shellock FG, Crues JV. Aneurysm clips: Assessment of magnetic field interaction associated with a 0.2-T extremity MR system. Radiology. 208:407-409, 1998.

Shellock FG. MR-compatibility of an endoscope designed for use in interventional MRI procedures. American Journal of Roentgenology. 171:1297-1300, 1998.

Shellock FG, Kanal E. Aneurysm clips: Evaluation of MR imaging artifacts at 1.5 Tesla. Radiology. 209:563-566, 1998.

Shellock FG, Shellock VJ. Cardiovascular catheters and accessories: Ex vivo testing of ferromagnetism, heating, and artifacts associated with MRI. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 8:1338-1342, 1998.

Shellock FG, O'Neil M, Ivans V, Kelly D, O'Connor M, Toay L, Crues JV. Cardiac pacemakers and implantable cardiac defibrillators are unaffected by operation of an extremity MR system. American Journal of Roentgenology. 172:165-172, 1999.

Kanal E, Shellock FG. Aneurysm clips: effects of long-term and multiple exposures to a 1.5 Tesla MR system. Radiology. 210:563-565, 1999.

Shellock FG, Shellock VJ. Metallic marking clips used after stereotactic breast biopsy: ex vivo testing of ferromagnetism, heating, and artifacts associated with MRI. American Journal of Roentgenology. 172:1417-1419, 1999.

Shellock FG, Shellock VJ. Stents: Evaluation of MRI safety. American Journal of Roentgenology. 173:543-546, 1999.

Ho JC, Shellock FG. Magnetic properties of Ni/Co/Cr-base Elgiloy. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine. 10:555-560, 1999.

Kangarlu A, Shellock FG. Aneurysm clips: evaluation of magnetic field interactions with an 8.0 T MR system. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 12:107-111, 2000.

Shellock FG, Hatfield M, Simon BJ, Block S, Wamboldt J, Starewicz PM, Punchard WFB. Implantable spinal fusion stimulator: assessment of MRI safety. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 12:214-223, 2000.

Sawyer-Glover A, Shellock FG. Pre-MRI procedure screening: recommendations and safety considerations for biomedical implants and devices. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 12: 92-106, 2000.

Edwards, M-B, Taylor KM, Shellock FG. Prosthetic heart valves: evaluation of magnetic field interactions, heating, and artifacts at 1.5 Tesla. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 12:363-369, 2000.

Shellock FG. Surgical instruments for interventional MRI procedures: assessment of MR safety. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 13:152-157, 2001.

Ahmed S, Shellock FG. Magnetic resonance imaging safety: implications for cardiovascular patients. Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance. 3:171-182, 2001.

Shellock FG. Prosthetic heart valves and annuloplasty rings: assessment of magnetic field interactions, heating, and artifacts at 1.5-Tesla. Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance. 3:159-169, 2001.

Shellock FG. Metallic neurosurgical implants: evaluation of magnetic field interactions, heating, and artifacts at 1.5 Tesla. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 14:295-299, 2001.

Rezai AR, Finelli D, Nyenhuis JA, Hrdlick G, Tkach J, Rugieri P, Stypulkowski PH, Sharan A, Shellock FG. Neurostimulator for deep brain stimulation: Ex vivo evaluation of MRI-related heating at 1.5-Tesla. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 15:141-150, 2002.

Shellock FG. New metallic implant used for permanent female contraception: evaluation of MR safety. American Journal of Roentgenology 178:1513-1516, 2002.

Greatbatch W, Miller V, Shellock FG. Magnetic resonance safety testing of a newly-developed, fiber-optic cardiac pacing lead. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 16:97-103, 2002.

Shellock FG, Crues JV. Commentary: MR safety and the American College of Radiology White Paper. American Journal of Roentgenology. 178:1349-1352, 2002.

Shellock FG. MR safety update 2002: Implants and devices. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 16:485-496, 2002.

Shellock FG. Biomedical implants and devices: assessment of magnetic field interactions with a 3.0-Tesla MR system. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 16:721-732, 2002.

Finelli DA, Rezai AR, Ruggieri P, Tkach J, Nyenhuis J, Hridlicka G, Sharan A, Gonzalez-Martinez J, Stypulkowski PH, Shellock FG. MR-related heating of deep brain stimulation electrodes: an in vitro study of clinical imaging sequences. American Journal of Neuroradiology 23:1795-1802, 2002.

Shellock FG, Tkach JA, Ruggieri PM, Masaryk T, Rasmussen P. Aneurysm clips: evaluation of magnetic field interactions using "long-bore" and "short-bore" 3.0-Tesla MR systems. American Journal of Neuroradiology 24:463-471, 2003

Kangarlu A, Shellock FG, Chakeres D. 8.0-Tesla MR system: Temperature changes associated with radiofrequency-induced heating of a head phantom. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 17:220-226, 2003.

Shellock FG, Tkach JA, Ruggieri PM, Masaryk TJ. Cardiac pacemakers, ICDs, and loop recorder: Evaluation of translational attraction using conventional ("long-bore") and "short-bore" 1.5- and 3.0-Tesla MR systems. Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 5:387-397, 2003.

Sharan A, Rezai AR, Nyenhuis JA, Hrdlicka G, Tkach J, Baker K, Turbay M, Rugieri P, Phillips M, Shellock FG. MR safety in patients with implanted deep brain stimulation systems (DBS). Acta Neurochir Suppl. 87:141–145, 2003.

Park SM, Nyenhuis JA, Smith CD, Lim EJ, Foster KS, Baker KB, Hrdlicka G, Rezai AR, Ruggieri P, Sharan, A, Shellock FG, Stypulkowski PH, Tkach J. Gelled vs. nongelled phantom material for measurement of MRI-induced temperature increases with bioimplants. IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 39:3367-3371, 2003.

Martin TE, Coman JA, Shellock FG, Pulling C, Fair R, Jenkins K. Magnetic resonance imaging and cardiac pacemaker safety at 1.5 Tesla. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 43:1315-1324, 2004.

Rezai AR, Phillips M, Baker K, Sharan AD, Nyenhuis J, Tkach J, Henderson J, Shellock FG. Neurostimulation system used for deep brain stimulation (DBS): MR safety issues and implications of failing to follow guidelines. Investigative Radiology, 39:300-303, 2004.

Baker KB, Tkach JA, Nyenhuis JA, Phillips M, Shellock FG, Gonzalez- Martinez J, Rezai AR. Evaluation of specific absorption rate as a dosimeter of MRI-Related implant heating. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 20:315-320, 2004.

Shellock FG, Crues JV. MR procedures: biologic effects, safety, and patient care. Radiology, 232:635-652, 2004.

Shellock FG, Cosendai G, Park S-M, Nyenhuis JA. Implantable microstimulator: magnetic resonance safety at 1.5-Tesla. Investigative Radiology, 39:591-599, 2004.

Baker, K, Nyenhuis JA, Hrdlicka G, Rezai AR, Tkach JA, Sharan A, Shellock FG. Neurostimulator implants: assessment of magnetic field interactions associated with 1.5- and 3.0-Tesla MR systems. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 21:72-77, 2005.

Shellock FG, Gounis M, Wakhloo A. Detachable coil for cerebral aneurysms: In vitro evaluation of magnet field interactions, heating, and artifacts at 3-Tesla. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 26:363-366, 2005.

Shellock FG. Forder J. Drug eluting coronary stent: In vitro evaluation of magnet resonance safety at 3-Tesla. Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, 7:415-419, 2005.

Bhidayasiri R, Bronstein JM, Sinha S, Krahl SE, Ahn S, Behnke EJ, Cohen MS, Frysinger R, Shellock FG. Bilateral neurostimulation systems used for deep brain stimulation: In vitro study of MRI-related heating at 1.5-Tesla and implications for clinical imaging of the brain. Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 23:549-555, 2005.

Baker KB, Tkach J, Hall JD, Nyenhuis JA, Shellock FG, Rezai AR. Reduction of MRI-related heating in deep brain stimulation leads using a lead management system. Neurosurgery, 57:392-397, 2005.

Henderson J, Tkach J, Phillips M, Baker K, Shellock FG, Rezai A. Permanent neurological deficit related to magnetic resonance imaging in a patient with implanted deep brain stimulation electrodes for Parkinson’s disease: Case report. Neurosurgery, 57:E1063, 2005.

Rezai AR, Baker K, Tkach J, Phillips M, Hrdlicka G, Sharan A, Nyenhuis J, Ruggieri P, Henderson J, Shellock FG. Is magnetic resonance imaging safe for patients with neurostimulation systems used for deep brain stimulation (DBS)? Neurosurgery, 57:1056- 1062, 2005.

Gray RW, Bibens WT, Shellock FG. Simple design changes to wires to substantially reduce MRI induced-heating at 1.5-Tesla: Implications for implanted leads. Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 23:887-891,2005.

Shellock FG, Valencerina S. Septal repair implants: evaluation of MRI safety at 3-Tesla. Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 23:1021-1025, 2005.

Nyenhuis JA, Park SM, Kamondetdacha R, Amjad A, Shellock FG, Rezai A. MRI and implanted medical devices: basic interactions with an emphasis on heating. IEEE Transactions on Device and Materials Reliability 5:467-478, 2005.

Shellock FG, Fieno DS, Thomson TJ, Talavage TM, Berman DS. Cardiac pacemaker: in vitro assessment of MR safety at 1.5-Tesla. American Heart Journal, 151:436-443, 2006.

Shellock FG, Habibi R, Knebel J. Programmable CSF shunt valve: In vitro assessment of MRI safety at 3-Tesla. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 27:661-665, 2006.

Shellock FG. Begnaud J, Inman DM. VNS Therapy System: In vitro evaluation of MRI-related heating and function at 1.5- and 3-Tesla. Neuromodulation, 9:204-213, 2006.

Shellock FG, Fischer L, Fieno DS. Cardiac pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators: in vitro evaluation of MRI safety at 1.5-Tesla. Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, 9:21-31, 2007.

Shinbane J, Colletti P, Shellock FG. MR in patients with pacemakers and ICDs: Defining the Issues. Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, 9:5-13, 2007.

Shellock FG, Wilson SF, Mauge CP. Magnetically programmable shunt valve: MRI at 3-Tesla. Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 25:1116-21, 2007.

Shellock FG. Guest Editorial. Comments on MRI heating tests of critical implants. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 26:1182-1185, 2007.

Levine GN, Gomes AS, Arai AE, Bluemke DA, Flamm SD, Kanal E, Manning WJ, Martin ET, Smith JM, Wilke N, Shellock FG. Safety of magnetic resonance imaging in patients with cardiovascular devices: an American Heart Association scientific statement from the Committee on Diagnostic and Interventional Cardiac Catheterization. Circulation. 2007;116:2878-91.

Shellock FG, Valencerina S. Ventricular assist implant (AB5000): In Vitro assessment of MRI issues at 3-Tesla. Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance. 10:23-30, 2008.

Shellock FG, Crivelli R, Venugopalan R. Programmable infusion pump and catheter: evaluation using 3-Tesla MRI. Neuromodulation. 11:163-170, 2008.

Shellock FG, Spinazzi A. MRI Safety Update: 2008, Part 1, MRI contrast agents and nephrogenic systemic fibrosis. American Journal of Roentgenology. 191:1-11, 2008.

Shellock FG, Spinazzi A. MRI Safety Update: 2008, Part 2, Screening patients for MRI. American Journal of Roentgenology. 191:12-21, 2008.  




 

** ABSTRACTS ** 



 

Shellock FG, Crues JV, Sacks SA. High-field magnetic resonance imaging of penile prostheses: In vitro evaluation of deflection forces and imaging artifacts. Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, Book of Abstracts, pp. 915, 1987.

Shellock FG, Crues JV. High-field MR imaging of metallic biomedical implants: An in vitro evaluation of deflection forces and temperature changes induced in large prostheses. Radiology. 165:150, 1987.

Shellock FG. Ex vivo assessment of deflection forces and artifacts associated with high-field MRI of "mini-magnet" dental prostheses. Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 7(Suppl 1): P38, 1989.

Shellock FG, Schatz C, Shelton C, Brown B. Ex vivo evaluation of 9 different ocular and middle ear implants exposed to a 1.5 Tesla MR scanner. Radiology 177(P):271, 1990.

Shellock FG, Meeks T. Ex vivo evaluation of ferromagnetism and artifacts for implantable vascular access ports exposed to a 1.5 T MR scanner. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 1:243,1991.

Shellock FG, Myers SM, Schatz CJ. Ex vivo evaluation of ferromagnetism determined for metallic scleral "buckles" exposed to a 1.5 T MR scanner. Radiology, 185(P): 288-289, 1992.

Shellock FG, Morisoli SM. Ex vivo evaluation of ferromagnetism, heating, and artifacts for 13 different heart valve prostheses exposed to a 1.5 T MR system. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging. WIP:S32, 1994.

Shellock FG, Kanal E. MR imaging in the testing of 1,765 aneurysm clips for ferromagnetic property: clip variability issues. Radiology, 193(P): 266, 1994.

Shellock FG, Shellock VJ. Evaluation of MR compatibility of 38 bioimplants and devices. Radiology, 197(P):174, 1995.

Shellock FG, Shellock VJ. MR-compatibility of ceramic surgical instruments designed for use in MR-guided procedures. Proceedings of the International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 2:903,1996.

Shellock FG, Detrick MS, Brant-Zawadski M. MR-compatibility of the Guglielmi Detachable Coil used for embolizing intracranial aneurysms. Radiology, 202:56A, 1996.

Shellock FG, Shellock VJ. Ex vivo evaluation of ferromagnetic aneurysm clips using a 0.2 T extremity MR system: safety implications for patients. Radiology 205(P): 213, 1997.

Shellock FG, Kelly D, Ivans V, O'Connor M, Toay L, Crues JV. Pacemakers and implantable cardiac defibrillators and pacemakers are unaffected by operation of an extremity MR system. Radiology 205(P):408, 1997.

Shellock FG. A new device for determining ferromagnetism: evaluation and use in the assessment of metallic bioimplants and devices. Radiology 206:577, 1998.

Shellock FG, Zwarun A. MRI safety evaluation of electrosurgical instruments: assessment of ferromagnetism, heating, and artifacts. Proceedings of the International Society of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 7:1007, 1999.

Lin C-Y, Farahani K, Lu DSK, Shellock FG. Safety of MRI-guided endovascular guidewire applications. Proceedings of the International Society of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 7:1015, 1999.

Shellock FG. Metallic neurosurgical implants: assessment of magnetic field interactions, heating, and artifacts at 1.5-Tesla. Radiology. 218:611, 2001.

Finelli D, Rezai AR, Rugieri P, Tkach J, Nyenhuis JA, Shellock FG. Neurostimulation systems used for deep brain stimulation: in vitro assessment of MRI-related heating at 1.5-Tesla. Radiology 222:586, 2002.

Ruggieri P, Finelli DA, Rezai AR, Tkach J, Sharan A, Nyenhuis JA, Hrdlick G, Stypulkowski PH, Shellock FG. Neurostimulation systems used for deep brain stimulation: in vitro evaluation of MRI-related heating at 1.5-Tesla. Proceedings of the International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, Book of Abstracts, 10:843, 2002.

Shellock FG. Biomedical implants and devices: Assessment of magnetic field interactions with a 3.0-Tesla MR System. Radiology, 225:375, 2002.

Sharan AD, Rezai AR, Gonzalez-Martinez JA, Finelli D, Nyenhuis JA, Tkach J, Ruggieri P, Shellock FG, Hrdlicka GA, Stypulkowski P. MRI and spinal cord stimulation: an experimental safety study. American Association of Neurosurgeons, Proceedings of the Meeting, 2002.

Sharan AD, Rezai AR, Tkach J, Hrlidcka G, Ruggieri P, Nyenhuis J, Shellock FG. Establishing safe parameters for magnetic resonance imaging in patients with implanted deep brain stimulation systems. Movement Disorders 17:S5-174, 2002.

Sharan AD, Rezai AR, Tkach J, Rugieri P, Hrdlicka G, Nyenhuis J, Shellock FG. MRI and deep brain stimulation: experimental and clinical safety. Congress of Neurological Surgeons. Philadelphia, PA. September 2002.

Tkach J, Ruggieri P, Masaryk T, Rasmussen P, Shellock F. Aneurysm clips: evaluation of translations attraction using conventional (“long-bore”) and “short-bore” 3.0-Tesla MR systems. Radiology 225:375, 2002.

Kangarlu A, Shellock FG, Chakeres D. Radio frequency heating of a head phantom using an 8 Tesla MR system. Radiology 225:260, 2002.

Martin ET, Coman A, Willis O, Shellock FG. Cardiac pacemakers and MRI at 1.5-Tesla: Safe evaluation of 51 patients. Radiology, Hot Topic Abstract, 226, 38A, 2003.

Sharan AD, Rezai AR, Hrdlicka G, Nyenhuis J, Tkach J, Ruggieri P, Baker KB, Phillips M, Shellock F. MR safety in patients with implanted neurostimulators: update and future implications. American Society for Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery, Book of Abstracts, pp. 122, 2003.

Sharan AD, Baker K, Tkach J, Hrdlicka G, Nyenhuis J, Ruggieri P, Shellock F, Rezai AR. Externalized neurostimulation systems may result in excessive heating at MRI at 1.5 and 3.0-Tesla. American Association of Neurosurgeons, Annual Meeting Scientific Program, pp. 498, 2003.

Bhidayasiri R, Sinha S, Behnke EJ, Bronstein JM, Ahn S, Cohen MS, Frysinger R, Krahl SE, Shellock FG. In vitro study of MRI-related heating of deep brain stimulation electrodes at 1.5-Tesla. Society for Neuroscience, Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., Program Number 778.6, 2003.

Krahl SE Sinha S, Bronstein JM, Bhidayasiri R, Cohen MS, Frysinger R, Ahn S, Behnke EJ, DeSalles AA, Shellock FG. MRI safety test at 1.5-Tesla of a deep brain stimulation lead and trajectory guide. Society for Neuroscience, Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., program number 949.11, 2003.

Tkach J, Baker K, Nyenhuis J, Gonzalez-Martinez J, Rezai A, Shellock FG. Specific absorption rate: a specious dosimetric means of characterizing MRI-related implant heating? Radiology (on-line, www.RSNA.org), 2004.

Baker KB, Tkach J, Nyenhuis J, Philips M, Shellock FG, Rezai AR. Specific absorption rate: A specious dosimeter of MRI-related heating for metallic implants. Proceedings of the International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 11:1653, 2004.

Baker KB, Tkach J, Shellock FG, Nyenhuis J, Rezai AR.Neurostimulation systems used for deep brain stimulation: Factors impacting MRI-related heating at 1.5- and 3-Tesla. Proceedings of the International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 11:1658, 2004.

Baker KB, Nyenhuis JA, Hrdlicka G, Tkach J, Shellock FG, Rezai AR. Assessment of magnetic field Interactions at 1.5- and 3-Tesla for implantable pulse generators and receivers used for neurostimulation systems. Proceedings of the International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 11:1654; 2004.

Baker KB, Tkach JA, Nyenhuis JA, Philips MD, Shellock FG, Rezai AR. Evaluation of the use of specific absorption rate as a dosimeter of MR imaging-related implant heating. American Society of Neuroradiology, 42nd Annual Meeting, ASNR Proceedings, pp. 363, 2004.

Shellock FG, Baker KB, Tkach J, Nyenhuis JA, Rezai AR. Neurostimulation systems used for deep brain stimulation: factors influencing MRI-related heating at 1.5- and 3-Tesla and safety. American Society for Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery, Cleveland, OH, 2004.

Sharan A, Shellock FG, Hrdlicka GA, Felmlee J, Rezai AR, Baker K, Nyenhuis JA, Tkach J. Spinal cord stimulation implants: evaluation of MRI safety. Radiological Society of North America, Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting Program 2004, pp. 487.

Shellock FG, Fieno DS, Fischer L, Berman DS. Cardiac pacemakers: In vitro assessment of MRI safety at 1.5-Tesla. Radiological Society of North America, Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting Program 2004, Hot Topic, on-line publication, http://rsna2004.rsna.org/

Shellock FG, Gray RW, Bibens WT. Design changes to implanted device leads substantially reduces MRI-related heating. Radiological Society of North America, Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting Program 2004, Hot Topic, on-line publication, http://rsna2004.rsna.org/

Shellock FG, Fischer L, Fieno DS, Berman DS. Pacemakers and ICDs: In vitro assessment of magnetic resonance imaging safety at 1.5-Tesla. Heart Rhythm 2:S130-S131, 2005.

Shellock FG, Valencerina S, Fischer L. MRI-related heating of pacemaker at 1.5- and 3-Tesla: Evaluation with and without pulse generator attached to leads. Circulation 112;Supplement II:561, 2005.

Shellock FG, Begnaud J, Inman DM. VNS Therapy System: In Vitro related heating, magnetic field effects, and function at 1.5- and 3-Tesla. Radiology, published on-line, 2005.http://rsna2005.rsna.org/rsna2005/V2005/conference/event_display.cfm?em_id=4425810  

Strick D, Cohen, M, Judy J, Shellock F. A combined approach to assessing safety of depth electrodes and microwires at 3 Tesla. Proceedings 16th Scientific Meeting, International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine; pp 902, 2008.  




 

** LETTERS **



 

Shellock FG, Slimp G. Severe burn of the finger caused by using a pulse oximeter during MRI. American Journal of Roentgenology, 153: 1105, 1989.

Shellock FG, Slimp G. Eddy-current-induced artifacts caused by an "MR-compatible" halo device. Radiology, 175:586, 1990.

Bakshandeh H, Shellock FG, Schatz CJ, Morisoli SM. Metallic clips used for scleral buckling: Ex vivo evaluation of ferromagnetism determined at 1.5 T. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 3: 559, 1993.

Shellock FG, Shellock VJ. Additional information pertaining to the MR-compatibility of biopsy needles and devices. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 6:411, 1996.

Kanal E, Shellock FG, Lewin J. Responses to: Variability in aneurysm clip ferromagnetic qualities. Radiology. 202: 638 and 641, 1997.

Hartwell CG, Shellock FG. MRI of cervical fixation devices: Sensation of heating caused by vibration of metallic components. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 7:771, 1997.

Shellock FG. MR imaging in patients with intraspinal bullets. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 10:107, 1999.

Shellock FG. MR imaging and electronically-activated devices. Radiology. 219:294-295, 2001

Rezai AR, Finelli D, Rugieri P, Tkach J, Nyenhuis JA, Shellock FG. Neurostimulators: Potential for excessive heating of deep brain stimulation electrodes during MR imaging. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 14:488-489, 2001.

Rezai AR, Sharan AD, Nyenhuis J, Tkach J, Ruggieri P, Phillips M, Hrdlicka G, Stypulkowski P, Baker K, Shellock FG. The safety of neurostimulators and MRI. Neurosurgery, 2003.

Sharan AD, Rezai AR, Nyenhuis J, Tkach J, Ruggieri P, Hrdlicka G, Stypulkowski P, Finelli D, Baker K, Shellock FG. Comments on temperature measurement on neurological pulse generators during MR scans. Biomed Eng Online, January 21, 2003.  



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